Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus, or HPV. You can get HPV by having sexual contact with someone who has it. There are many types of the HPV virus. Not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of them cause genital warts, but other types may not cause any symptoms. Though cervical cancer strikes many women in the world with a high morbidity and mortality, it still can be treated if patients get the right cancer treatment plan. Now let us introduce 5 cancer options that cervical cancer patients should know.
Surgery is applicable to patients with early cervical cancer, of which primarily indicates radical hysterectomy that means the surgical removal of part of vagina , parametrium, and the bilateral pelvic lymph nodes, while if the patients’ ovaries have no lesions, they can be preserved. If you have a hysterectomy, you won’t be able to have children. But a hysterectomy isn’t always needed, especially when cancer is found very early.
2. Systemic Chemotherapy
Systemic chemotherapy (chemo) uses anti-cancer drugs that are injected into a vein or given by mouth. These drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach all areas of the body, making this treatment useful for killing cancer cells in most parts of the body. Chemotherapy drugs kill cancer cells but also damage some normal cells, which can lead to certain side effects, including nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, loss of hair, mouth sores, fatigue, etc.
Radiotherapy can be applied to cervical cancer in each stage, including advanced cervical cancer. For both the elderly and those with poor heart function who cannot tolerate surgery, radiotherapy is another treatment option. However, radiotherapy will cause some complications, mainly including radiation rectitis and cystitis, which need active treatment and recuperation until they slowly recover.
Interventional therapy is a mini-invasive therapy performed under the guidance of medical imaging equipment. Medicines are injected into the tumors and embolism is done to tumor and its feeding arteries. Drug concentration of regional perfusion is 2-8 times higher than intravenous drip. Transarterial embolization is to cut off the tumor blood vessels so that the tumor dies out of blood supply. Embolic agent can take the anti-cancer medicines to the tumor directly, therefore, the effect will be much higher and will not cause harm to nearby normal organs or tissues.
5. Biological Immunotherapy
Biological immunotherapy could help improve immunity so that the immunity system is improved to fight against cancer cells. It also alleviates the side effect caused by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Biological immunotherapy is to inject immune cells to patient’s body so that the immunity reinforces.
Traditional Chinese medicine can regulate the balance of body and strengthen the resistance to fight against tumor. Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou combines Chinese medicine and other cancer treatments together, while at the same time integrates the advantages of both Chinese medicine and western medicine, which can effectively improve the cure effect of cancer treatments.
Depending on how much the cancer has grown, you may have one or more treatments. And you may have a combination of treatments.
Finding out that you have cervical cancer can change your life. You may feel like your world has turned upside down and you have lost all control. Talking with family, friends, or a counselor can really help. Ask your doctor about support groups. Or call the Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou (86-20-22221111) or visit its website at www.asiancancer.com